A Question to be Lived – A Sermon on Matthew 16:13-20

Proper 16A, Matthew 16:13-20, Pantocrator, Icon
Icon of Christ, the Pantocrator (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Proper 16A, Matthew 16:13-20, Pantocrator, Icon
Icon of Christ, the Pantocrator (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

“But who do you say that I am?” (From Proper 16A, Matthew 16:13-20)

Let me tell you some of the answers I’ve heard or read. My personal Lord and Savior. The Son of God. God incarnate. He’s my life, the song I sing, my everything. Buddy, brother, friend, homeboy. Rock, comforter, coach. Teacher. Example. The copilot next to me. The list could go on and on.

At some point or another we’ve probably all been told who Jesus is. Maybe you heard it from priests, teachers, parents, friends, or prayer groups. Maybe you read it in books, Sunday school lessons, or on bumper stickers. Maybe you saw it on Facebook, read it on the internet, or heard it in a song. Some of the answers may have been helpful. Some were not. Some were just plain silly and some may have even been hurtful and destructive. Regardless, the question remains.

By now most of you know me well enough to know that I don’t intend to answer that question for you. I can’t. Each of us must answer it for ourselves. It is not, however, a theology or Bible exam. If anything it is an examination of our own lives.

I don’t think Jesus is asking us to just parrot back the answers we’ve heard or read. Maybe that’s why he pushes the disciples to move from what they are hearing around them – John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets – to what they are hearing within themselves. “But who do you say that I am?”

This is not an easy question. I wonder if we sometimes too readily accept and settle for “Sunday Jesus” answers. You know, the easy, feel good, sentimental ones. The problem is life isn’t always easy, feel good, or sentimental. It’s one thing to say who Jesus is here in Uvalde, Texas, at St. Philip’s, on a Sunday morning, in relative safety and comfort. It’s a very different thing to say who he is outside of that. The question is never merely academic or abstract. It always has a context. Here’s what I mean.

  • Who do we say Jesus is following the death of Michael Brown and the increasing racial tensions in our country?
  • Who do we say Jesus is in the wake of James Foley’s execution, amidst the ongoing war between Israel and Hamas, and in the continuing persecutions by the (un)Islamic State?
  • Who do we say Jesus is as Ebola spreads, as Ukrainian refugees cry out in need, as people in our town go to bed hungry, live amidst domestic violence, or work for a wage that cannot support a family?
  • Who do we say Jesus is when a loved one dies, the doctor gives news we did not want to hear, or our life seems to be falling apart?
  • Who do we say Jesus is when we are faced with decisions that have no easy answers, when the night is dark and the storms of life overwhelm us, when faithfulness means risking it all and taking a stand against a louder and seemingly more powerful majority?
  • Using the context of these few examples what does it mean to say Jesus is my personal Lord and Savior, my example, or my brother and friend? What does it mean to say Jesus is my life, the song I sing, or my teacher?

Here’s my point. Who we say Jesus is has everything to do with who and how we are and will be. In some ways our answer says as much or more about us than Jesus. It reveals how we live and what we stand up for. It guides our decisions, and determines the actions we take and the words we speak. It describes the expectations and demands we place on Jesus. It discloses the depth of our motivation for and commitment to following him, a motivation and commitment that will be challenged by next week’s gospel in which Jesus invites us to take up our cross and die with him.

Jesus’ question isn’t so much about getting the right answer as it is about witnessing and testifying to God’s life, love, and presence in our lives and the world. It is less about our intellect and more about our heart. It is grounded in love more than understanding. It moves us from simply knowing about Jesus to knowing him.

In some sense there is no once and for all, finally and forever, answer. We are always living into the question. Who Jesus was when I was a child is different from who he was when I was in my 30s or who he is for me today. Hopefully, who he is for me next year will be different from who he is today. It’s not that Jesus has changed. I have. We are constantly engaging his question and in so doing we not only discover Jesus anew we discover ourselves anew.

Sometimes we discover a disconnect between the “Sunday Jesus” about whom we sing and talk for an hour, and the life we live the other 167 hours of our week. Our words and actions don’t align. There is no congruity or integrity. I don’t say that as a judgment about anyone but in acknowledgement of just how difficult it can be to recognize and live the truth that Jesus is “the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”

More than once I have fallen into the gap between my “Sunday Jesus” kind of answers and the circumstances of my life and world. Sometimes my answers were too simple, too small, too easy. They were no match for the complexities of life and the pain of the world. Other time my life has not reflected what I said about who Jesus is. Sometimes I kept quiet when I should have spoken up. Other times I was passive when I should have done something. Whenever I fallen into that gap it has usually been because I was trying to play it safe. That almost never works.

There is nothing safe about the question Jesus poses. How could there be? There is nothing safe about Jesus or the life to which we calls us.

Jesus’ life and presence among us call into question everything about our lives, our world, the status quo, and business as usual. That’s why we ought not answer his question too quickly, too glibly, or with too much certainty. It’s not a question to be figured out as much as it is a question to be lived.


  1. •Who do we say Jesus is following the death of Michael Brown and the increasing racial tensions in our country Jesus is God–Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. I do not believe in predestination. Grace is always on offer. I strongly disapprove of most petitionary prayers. Because the person praying is asking God to do something that the person praying is obligated to do. All “bad” events are caused by humans. The bad events will stop when and only when and solely whenthose persons involved accept God’s grace and stop doing evil.

    Obama has fanned racism by his racist comments on the Michal Brown and the other one in Florida, name escapes me. In both cases, he stated several times that–because he is white and the dead guy was brown–the defendant was guilty. And he stated this for the television news before either white man had a trial–, contrary to Magna Carta and the US constitution. Removing Obama from office would do more to help end racism than any prayers”to end racism.”

    Similarly there is zero need to “pray for peace.” If folk want peace, all they have to do is stop fighting. ISIS is there because Bush invaded and destroyed the Iraqi state. At this point, the only Godly action is for all US troops to come home. If Obama were willing to accept God’s grace, he would find that easy to do.

    It’s really a question of natural law, which is an embodiment of God’s energies and God’s grace. In bombing Iraq and Syria, the US keeps killing civilians along with those condemned by Obama without a trial. Then Americans have the chutzpah to wonder “why do they hate us so.?” Notice that the Iraqis do not hate the Swiss. Perhaps because the Swiss have not been killing their friends and family for 30 years. .

    Never, never pray for peace. Merely stop invading other countries.


  2. I just returned from spending the day with Tennessee’s Death Row prisoners. Today at least, Jesus is not a who, but a what. What we receive when we reach out beyond our comfort zones and engage in relationships with an open mind and heart. I received far more today than I could ever possibly offer that community.


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