Witnesses and Interrogators – A Sermon on John 1:6-8, 19-28; Advent 3B

The collect and readings for the Third Sunday of Advent may be found here. The following sermon focuses on the gospel, John 1:6-8, 19-28.

There are, today’s gospel suggests, two ways of approaching life and God’s presence in the world. One way is demonstrated by John. The other way is demonstrated by the priests and Levites. We are either witnesses or interrogators.

John was a witness sent from God. The priests and Levites were interrogators sent by the religious authorities. “Who are you,” they ask John. “Are you Elijah?” “Are you the prophet?” “Why are you baptizing?” They know neither themselves nor the one stands among them. They are in the dark. That’s how it is with interrogators. Witnesses, however, are different. They talk about light. They know the light.

John knows who he is and who he is not. He claims for himself neither too much nor too little. That’s what makes him a credible witness. He speaks the truth but he is not the truth. He is illumined but he is not the light. He is the voice of one crying out in the wilderness but he is not the Word of God. Everything about John points to the light and the life of the one who both stands among us and the one who is coming. John will bet his life on that one. That’s how it is with witnesses. They live and die based on what they have seen, heard, and experienced.

The real difference between witnesses and interrogators is this. Interrogators demand answers. Witnesses offer hope. More than ever our world today needs witnesses of hope. We do not need more answers or explanations. We have enough interrogators. We need to hear “the voice of one crying out in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord.’”

John’s is the voice of hope. His words echo through the wildernesses of our world and our lives. John’s, however, was not the first voice of hope. Before John, Mary was proclaiming the greatness of the Lord. She spoke of the one who shows favor to the lowly, offers mercy, and lends the strength of his arm. He fills the hungry with good things and comes to the help of his people.

Before Mary, there was Isaiah. The Lord anointed him to bring good news to the oppressed, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and release to the prisoners. He spoke about God comforting those who mourn and rebuilding the ruins of their lives. They will be clothed in garments of salvation and wear robes of righteousness.

John, Mary, Isaiah. Each one is a witness of hope. They look at the circumstances of their life and world and see a greater reality. They each testify to a life and presence beyond their own. Within each of their voices is the Word that was in the beginning, the Word that was with God and was God, the Word that became flesh and dwells among us, the Word that enables us to become children of God (John 1). Everything that needs to be said was spoken in that one Word. That Word is our ultimate hope.

Think about the tragedies and difficulties of your life: the death of a loved one, an illness, an addiction, a divorce, guilt, the sin that separated you from God, others, and yourself. Answers and explanations did not sustain you. How, when, what, or why was not what you needed to hear. It was the Word of hope that got you through it all. Hope doesn’t make life easy. It makes life possible. Hope reminds us that it won’t always be like this. There is light and life coming to us. It is already here among us. The interrogators of the world, however, make it difficult to hear that other voice, the witness of hope. The interrogators clamor and compete for our attention. They often speak the loudest but the voice of hope has never been silenced.

Which voice do we listen to? Which voice do we follow? Those are questions we must answer every day. The reality of humanity is that we are a people of the wilderness. The reality of God is that God is the God of hope. Do we trust the voice of the wilderness or do we trust the voice of the one crying out in the wilderness? The voice we listen to is the voice with which we will speak. We will become either witnesses or interrogators. We choose who we want to be.

Hope is not easy. We must practice hope. It means we rejoice always, we pray without ceasing, we give thanks in all circumstances (1 Thessalonians 5:16-18). These practices enable us to both hear and become the voice of hope.

Interrogators will look at and question the circumstances of rejoicing, praying, and giving thanks. Are the circumstances right for rejoicing, praying, and giving thanks? Is there reason for those things? They want answers, justifications, and reasons. Witnesses, however, look beyond the circumstances to the God who fills those circumstances. That is hope. It opens our eyes to see the one who is coming. It prepares our heart to welcome the one who is already among us. It makes straight the way of the Lord. Hope is not a feeling but an orientation and attitude of our life. It is a way of seeing. It allows us to recognize and know the Christ, already here and not yet here. Hope does not change the circumstances of our life it changes us and that changes everything.


  1. This is so very inspiring for the turmoil we have in my parish now….those who need explicit answers and those full of hope. Thank you


  2. This message is just what I needed to hear after the death of my nephew. With your permission, I would like to share this with my congregation.


    1. Nancy, I am glad the post was helpful. Yes, please feel free to share it with your congregation. I am so sorry to hear of your nephew’s death. May God send you and his family many witnesses of hope.

      God’s peace be with you,


  3. I read your posts weekly as I prepare my sermons. This is definitely one of the best ever. Love the ideas about Hope. A thought I often bring up to my flock is, “How do people without faith get by in life? Life is hard.”

    Liked by 1 person

  4. This spoke to me as I’m struggling with my position as a Deacon in our congregation – and I am seeking your permission to share this with the congregation this coming Sunday. I am at St. john’s Anglican Church , Tillsonburg, Ontario – Thank you.


    1. Deacon Vermell, please feel free to share the sermon with your congregation. I hope it is helpful. I also hope your struggle is fruitful for both you and your congregation.

      May God bless you and your ministry.


  5. wonderful sermon ! Really ties the reading together in one theme. I also would like to share some of your thoughts in a homily that I am preparing for Sunday

    Liked by 1 person

  6. I am a supply pastor at a rural church with life-long members. This sermon provides a new perspective and with your permission I would like to share some of your thoughts with my congregation next Sunday.


  7. Dear Michael, Your sermon, “Witnesses and Interrogators” has a timeless relevance in it’s theme, and is helpful in understanding the world we are facing in the time of the corona virus. I would like to share some of your thoughts as they parallel mine in preparing my upcoming sermon. The Lord bless and keep you safe. Deacon Brenda

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Deacon Brenda, thank you for your comment. Please feel free to use the sermon in whatever way might be helpful to your preaching and for your congregation.

      Advent blessings and peace to you,


  8. Pastor Mike,
    Thank you for your excellent message about hope from being a witness. I found it personally uplifting and helpful and would also, like others, share your message with my congregation. May I have your permission to do so? Thank you for being a blessing to many.

    God’s peace,

    Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: