“You are Witnesses” – A Sermon on Luke 24:36-48; Easter 3B

The collect and readings for the Third Sunday of Easter may be found here. The following sermon is based on Luke 24:36-48.

Jesus' Appearance While the Apostles are at Table
by Duccio di Buoninsegna (1255-1319)

It’s not enough that the tomb is empty. It’s not enough to proclaim, “Christ is risen!” It’s not enough to believe in the resurrection. At some point we have to move from the event of the resurrection to experiencing the resurrection. Experiencing resurrected life begins with recognizing the risen Christ among us. That is the gift of Easter and it is also the difficulty and challenge described in today’s gospel.

Cleopas and his companion are telling the other disciples how Jesus appeared to them on the road to Emmaus when Jesus, again, shows up out of nowhere, interrupting their conversation. “Peace be with you,” he says. They see him, they hear his voice, but they don’t recognize him. They “thought that they were seeing a ghost.” They know Jesus was crucified, died, and was buried. They know dead men don’t come back to life. This can only be a ghost, a spirit without a body. The tomb is open but their minds are closed.

They are unable to recognize the holiness that stands among them. They are continuing to live, think, and understand in the usual human categories. They have separated spirit and matter, divinity and humanity, heaven and earth. Whenever we make that separation we close our minds, we deny ourselves the resurrected life for which Christ died, and we lose our sense of and ability to recognize holiness in the world, in one another, and in ourselves.

With Jesus’ resurrection, however, God shatters human categories of who God is, where God’s life and energy are to be found, and how God works in this world. Resurrected life can never be comprehended, contained, or controlled by human thought or understanding. Jesus’ resurrection compels us to step outside our usual human understandings of reality and enter into the divine reality.

That new reality begins with touching and seeing, flesh and bones, hands and feet, and broiled fish. Jesus said to his disciples, “Look at my hands and my feet; see that it is I myself. Touch me and see; for a ghost does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” Then “he showed them his hands and his feet.” After this he ate a piece of broiled fish in their presence.

Flesh and bones, hands and feet, and broiled fish are the things of creation, the natural order. Mary, a woman created by God, gave Jesus his flesh and bones and his hands and feet. She also gave him the stomach that would eat the fish God created. The very same flesh and bones, the very same hands and feet, appeared to Cleopas and his companion on the road to Emmaus and then “vanished from their sight” (Luke 24:31), and now show up unannounced and unexpected in the midst of their conversation with others. In last week’s gospel Jesus’ hands and feet, his flesh and bones, passed through walls and locked doors.

The resurrected life of Christ, it seems, is revealed in and through the created order. It is not, however, bound by the created order. Rather, the resurrected body and life of Christ unite the visible and invisible, matter and spirit, humanity and divinity. On the one hand Jesus has a real body. On the other hand it is not subject to the natural laws of time and space. It’s not one or the other. It’s both. It is a new and different reality.

The degree to which we have allowed ourselves to be bound by the created order is the degree to which are unable to see resurrected life and holiness in this world. We bind ourselves through our fears, our sorrows and losses, our runaway thoughts and distractions, our attachments and addictions to things, people, and even beliefs. Sometimes it’s our unwillingness to allow or trust God to grow and change us. In binding ourselves to the created order we lose recognition of and the ability to live in the sacred. That’s the very opposite of resurrected life.

The resurrected life of Christ reveals that all creation and every one of us are filled with God, holiness, divinity. Nothing can bind or supersede the grace that is given us through resurrection: unconditional love, unconditional forgiveness, unconditional life. That is, I think, one of the most difficult things for us to see, believe, and live into. It is, however, the divine reality into which we are invited, not at some future time and place but here and now.

Christ our God longs and desires to open our minds to understand the scriptures, to understand all that has been written, spoken, and revealed about him in whatever form that happens and has happened. That’s what Jesus did for the disciples and it’s what he does for us. This is not an academic or intellectual understanding. That the disciples are witnesses does not mean they now have all the answers. It means they now have the life Jesus wants to give them. They are witnesses based not on what they know, but on who they are, how they live, and their relationship with the risen Christ.

I don’t know how this happens. I can’t give you a set of instructions or a to-do list. That would be like giving you a set of instructions on how to fall in love. The resurrected life is not acquired it is received. It happens when we risk unbinding ourselves from the usual ways of seeing, living, and relating. This is not a rejection of the natural order. It is allowing the natural order to open to and reveal something more. That’s what happened for the disciples with Jesus’ hands and feet, with his flesh and bones, and the broiled fish. The saw and recognized something about Jesus and in so doing they saw and recognized something about themselves; holiness. It happens for us too.

Think about a time in your life when you lost track of time. I don’t mean you forgot what time it was, but that you were so awake, so present, that you entered a new world. Think about a time when life seemed more real than it ever had and you touched or tasted life in a way never before. Recall a moment when your heart opened, softened, and you knew you were somehow different. Remember that day when you sensed something new was being offered you; possibilities that you did not create for yourself. They just opened up. Reflect on that moment when you realized that you were ok and could again start to live. Those are the moments when Christ opens our minds to understand. They are moments of awe and wonder that leave us in sacred silence. They fill our eyes with tears. We weep, not from sorrow or pain, but the water of new life. They are the moments in which we say, “I never want this to end. I don’t want to leave this place.”

In each of those moments the one who is fully alive and risen, the Christ, is calling us to see and recognize him, to join him, and to discover our new life. This is the authentic self we long to become, the self that we already are, and the self we are becoming. This is resurrected life.

Let’s not lose this moment. Let’s not put this text behind us. It is much too easy to come here each Sunday, listen to the gospel, hear, for better or worse, whatever I have to say, and then return to life as usual. Don’t let that happen. Your life is too important to let that happen. Carry this text with you over the next week. Let it open your eyes, your heart, and your mind to the life Christ is offering you. Let it be the voice of Christ opening your mind to understand. Sit with it. Pray with it. Wrestle with it. Trust it. As soon as you catch a glimpse of the risen Christ and your own resurrection leave a comment, call me, e-mail me, drop by and tell me about it.

“You are witnesses of these things,” he says to us. Tell it. Live it. Become it. The resurrected life is yours. You are witnesses. You are witnesses.


  1. This message was forwarded to me and I really appreciate it.

    “The tomb is open but their minds are closed.”
    I love this line. It reminds me of the dwarves at the end of C.S. Lewis’ The Chronicles of Narnia: The Last Battle. At the dissolution of the temporal reality (Old Narnia) into the eternal reality (New Narnia), the dwarves huddle in a circle, rejecting any outside influence and refusing to move on or acknowledge the truth.
    When Lucy pleads with Aslan to act upon them, to make them understand, He responds to her, explaining, “I will show you what I can, and what I cannot do….You see, they will not let us help them. They have chosen cunning instead of beliefs. Their prison is only in their minds, yet they are in that prison; and so afraid of being taken in that they cannot be taken out.”

    As Christians, we often look at non-Christians with pity and sadness because they are “so afraid of being taken in that they cannot be taken out” of their own temporal realities, thus missing out on the joy and freedom afforded us by that empty tomb.

    And, yet, this, too, is an example of trying to take a speck out of someone else’s eye while missing the plank in our own eyes; for we, too, cling to our own ideals and temporal realities instead of abandoning every aspect of our existences to accepting, with thanksgiving and praise, and living out of the gifts of life and faith we receive from God through His grace and mercy, as well as the eternal reality of a Loving and Just Father, Risen and Living Savior, and a Powerful and Active Holy Spirit.

    These are the things He has been revealing to me lately and seeing them here is a great affirmation of the lessons He is imparting as well as His grace, mercy, faith, provision, and pursuit.

    All that to say, I agree. And thank you.


    1. Melissa, thank you for your insights. More often than not I create my own tombs by closing my mind and the eye of my heart. The journey, it seems, is one of again and again opening to the life that is right before me.

      Christ is risen!


  2. thanks for the message, God richly bless you.I love the phrase ‘ the tomb is open but our minds are still closed. mercy.shalom


    1. Seems as if I often live between the open tomb and the closed mind. I can’t help but think of St. Luke’s phrase, “He opened their minds to understand the scriptures.”

      Peace be with you,


  3. Makes me reflect of places I’ve been to on vacation and the beautiful settings take me to a different kind of life, where the same self is able to enjoy, feels capable and determined to see more…
    In contrast, I work with the homeless in my community and in them seeing the resurrected life is a bit more challenging—some are still very dead (blame others for their misfortune, addictions)while others have changed their attitude and have gained understanding of the opportunity and look forward with a sense of direction.

    Liked by 1 person

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